One of the most significant reasons that people abuse drugs is for the euphoric effects they provide. While many might argue that people use substances to escape reality, to cope with stress and an unlimited number of other reasons, the fact of the matters is that euphoria makes these things possible: drugs cause people to feel good, even if they weren’t necessarily feeling bad to begin with. Unfortunately, the neurological nature of addiction tells us that substance abuse actually makes it more challenging for people to feel euphoria, happiness and contentment.
How Drug Abuse Works: Understanding the Role of Dopamine
The following is a highly simplified explanation of the processes at work when a person abuses drugs:
1.) Drug is consumed which sends signals to neurons in the brain to release the neurotransmitter dopamine (or others in some cases).
2.) Dopamine binds with specialized receptors and produces a feeling of well-being, contentment and euphoria.
3.) Drugs prevent dopamine re-uptake, essentially leaving the substance in the brain for much longer than would ever occur in a natural environment.
4.) Dopamine stimulates the reward center of the brain, which creates a contextual log of the event to use as cues to prompt the user to repeat the behavior. (This is based on the theory that addiction is a byproduct of an innate evolutionary survival mechanism.)
And with these four steps, the groundwork for addiction has been laid.
Tolerance: Another Evolutionary Survival Mechanism
In order to offset the effects of chemical substances, the central nervous system will make changes to receptors and neuronal circuitry to create a resistance to the drug. This can be accomplished by making fewer receptors available, altering the structure of receptors, limiting or restricting their ability to bind to neurotransmitters, or by “disconnecting” parts of neuronal circuits.
The chemical resistance created by adaptations at the neuronal level means that the user will obtain less and less euphoric effect because the CNS essentially views the drug as an invading foreign substance that interferes with the proper working functions of the brain. Of course, this is exactly what drug abuse is; persistent self-inflicted poisoning.
In order to offset the euphoria-limiting effects of tolerance, drug users will simply increase their dosages accordingly. This prompts more changes in neurons – changes that by this point are becoming permanent for many addicts. Ultimately, these changes only make it harder to feel euphoria and generally lead to depression, thoughts of suicide, feelings of worthlessness and other debilitating emotions.
In fact, feelings that are specific to certain drugs, such as high-energy to cocaine, relaxation to marijuana and joy to opiates, are often reversed as the body becomes tolerant to the drugs that cause these responses. This is especially true when an addict suddenly stops using; by forcing drugs into their bodies for so long, they have effectively developed a tolerance to the very feelings they sought to achieve with their substance abuse in the first place.
To summarize, drug abuse can destroy a person’s ability to feel good. And because addiction often comes with repeated relapse events, each successive period of active drug addiction results in additional, permanent changes within the brain – changes that can have a lasting effect on the emotional and mental well-being of the user for the rest of their lives.
This isn’t information to be used as a scare tactic to keep people away from drugs; it’s nothing more than science expressed. People take drugs to feel good, but once addicted those feelings become harder and harder to achieve, even long after active drug use has stopped. This is why it is absolutely critical that if you or someone you love is abusing drugs, they must stop now. With each passing day and each successive “high,” the one thing that they seek – happiness – becomes more difficult to come by; often leading to personal disaster.
The ultimate paradox of drug abuse is that it robs from you what you seek from it.
Should something infect the software like a pathogen or spyware, the person will shortly lose sensitive info or at worse have to spend plenty of money to have it fixed.
This may be done by ensuring that there are backup files stored in a secure place and setting up certain defense mechanisms from viruses and other threats. One such system is known as an adware spyware remover and people who only need the best should get it from Symantec. Symantec is an example of the number 1 service suppliers of products of business answers to tiny, medium and massive ventures. The purchaser can select a program to deal with a precise or multiple threats such as viruses, Trojan, spyware and worms. This individual can then use the card to make unapproved purchases or nick money from the account. Symantec’s adware spyware remover system is engineered to look for existing bugs in the system and then destroy it.
The package it offers can be employed by those at home or when working in the office.
Since new spyware and adware pop up common-or-garden, patrons who opt to purchase the system can be be assured that the PC is always secure as the company always launches product updates that may be done either manually or instantly. Those that are uncertain whether to purchase it can try it for thirty days free but pay before the expiration to keep on the services. Symantec unlike other programs does not need to be turned on to do a systems check on the PC. When the spyware or adware has been removed, the easiest way to guarantee it doesn’t return is by making a firewall. It has received good reviews from critics and Computer mags for the standard of excellence it has given in all of its products. As software corporations attempt to make the computers folk use safe common-or-garden, so too are the hackers and programmers who need to do the same for private gain. The individual can have chosen to be with the best or get something else but it is always better to be safe than sorry when it comes to safeguarding the data stored in the PC.
I was enraged when I first encountered the truth about over the counter age spot remover; I am sure you too might be using some or the other over the counter age spot remover but have you ever taken a step back and evaluated its effectiveness and value for money? If not, then it is time to face some hard facts about these products.
Did it ever occur to you that what ingredients are present in the cream that you use day in and day out? Did you ever try to find out if the cream that you are using is safe?
The reason all these questions never occur to you because you were always told the opposite. You were always told that these creams are safe and good for you, and like everyone else you too believed what you were told.
Next time you are out to buy an over the counter age spot remover try reading its ingredients list. This list contains all the ingredients that are present in the cream. It is forced by law to publish these ingredients on the product label. Here is a small and disturbing list of ingredients, which are used commonly in age spot removers.
All these are harmful to the skin and many other organs of our body. There are many campaigns running across the nation to ban the use of these ingredients in cosmetic products. Some of these ingredients are so harmful that not only do they damage the body of mothers; some of them are so intense that they damage the developing fetus in the mother’s womb.
It is in your interest to stay away from such harmful products. One action that common person like you and I can take is that we stop using such products. Once the demand of such products decreases dramatically then these companies will have to stop manufacturing such dangerous products.
I have taken a pledge to stop the use of over the counter age spot remover. I am doing my bit by educating other too. Are you doing your part? Well, the first step is to acknowledge that there exists a problem. Now that you are aware that such products are not good. Are you ready to move on to the next step?
If yes, then tell as many people as you can about harmful effects of over the counter age spot remover and promote the use of natural products. This is the only way you and I can make a difference. Do not waste any more time, log on to internet to learn about natural products and start using them right away.
It is a fact that technology is fast growing increasing convenience and affordability. E-cigarettes are no exception. They are a replacement to normal tobacco cigarettes which inconvenience others. They generally have cartridges in them that contain nicotine in varying concentrations. There are different types of e-cigarette cartridges available. You can choose one as per your wish.
Electronic cigarettes or e-cigarettes are machines that resemble normal cigarette and give you the same kind of taste and flavour. E-cigarettes have cartridges of different types which are used for smoking. These cartridges contain nicotine in different dosages. There are also different flavours available in the cartridges. To know which one is right for you, first know the various types of cartridges available. In the market, currently there are three types of e-cigarete cartridges available- one, two and three-piece. All of them have their own positive and negative points. You choose the right cartridge depending on your machine and your preference.
One-piece e-cigarette cartridge
These are disposable type of e-cigarete cartridges. You throw it after use. You can use it to test an e-cigarette machine and decide if it works for you. There is a pre-charged battery that comes along. So you can use this immediately after buying. However, remember to dispose the battery along with the e-cigarete cartridges after use. To activate the battery, twist the battery or remove the safety tab so that the battery gets started. Pour the liquid into the atomizer and it is ready for use. This type of cigarette cartridge is cheap and easy to use.
Two-piece e-cigarette cartridges
Also known as cartomizer, the two-piece it can be refilled whenever needed. They are very convenient to use. You must remember to recharge the batteries from time to time and replace the liquid in the e-cigarete cartridges. However, if you use these types of e-cigarette cartridges on a regular basis then the atomizer will wear more quickly than other varieties.
Three-piece e-cigarette cartridges
This type of e-cigarette cartridges contains a battery, liquid and atomizer. This is the most preferred among all other cartridges by long-term smokers. Some beginners also prefer this because it is easy to use. These types of this are refillable and users can also modify them. However, one disadvantage of a three-piece e-cigarette cartridge is that it wears out more quickly than two-piece e-cigarette catridges. This is because the combined performance decreases due to continuous use.
Consumers are hard pressed for choice with these three different types of e-cigarete cartridges. While each one has some advantage, they also have some disadvantages. To decide the right type among all the e-cigarete cartridges for you, consider the number of times you smoke and your budget. If you keep buying cartridges from time to time then it will be an expensive venture. It may prove more expensive than buying tobacco cigarettes.
Most websites use WordPress or Joomla as their CMS system. However, there are plenty of CMS platforms available and Drupal is one of them. The Drupal CMS platform has plenty of business tools and this helps with easy maintenance.
Drupal is an open source platform that offers you plenty of options and it’s really flexible allowing you to modify, share as well as distribute content with ease. However, Drupal isn’t just a CMS platform it’s a SaaS – that is Service solution which is perfect for small businesses and can even be effectively used for larger enterprises.
Benefits of using Drupal
There are plenty of benefits of using Drupal, some of them include:
You don’t have to pay anything
There are plenty of CMS platforms and a few of them charge significantly in order to use their systems. Of course WordPress one of the best platforms is totally free as well.
Drupal is totally free and there are absolutely no hidden fees involved. There are plenty of advantages of using a free CMS platform as there are plenty of people who’d be using them and hence there are plenty of developers ready to help you out.
It’s got some top clients
Drupal has plenty of high profile clients and they only use it because it’s an amazing platform. Some of the high profile clients include: The white house, Wake Forest University, FedEx and a lot more.
It’s got amazing support
Whenever you decide to choose a CMS platform for your business you don’t just need to make sure that the platform is good; but, at the same time you need to make sure that it’s got high quality support from third party applications.
Web Design flexibility
Unlike most of the other CMS platforms out there that offer just a few frameworks and limited custom coding capabilities, Drupal allows you to showcase your brand in an attractive and interactive way.
Therefore, you can make sure that your design suits your business needs without worrying about any hindrances by the CMS platform.
It’s optimized for search engines
These days after the Google panda and penguin updates you need to make sure that your website is ideal for search engines. Of course the Penguin update only focuses on backlinks, but there are plenty of other algorithm changes that various search engines are making.
Drupal is extremely Search engine friendly and the content on your website would be displayed in a way that is easily crawled by most search engines.
Our main modes of transportation consisted of the Eurorail, TGV, Metro and walking. But, as with every other aspect of trip planning, it is important to research because there are numerous options available.
There is the choice of whether to get first or second class train tickets; there really is a difference between the two although in the end, they both get you to where you want to go. With first class the seats are very comfortable, there is leg room and ample space for luggage, as well as drinks are offered by passing porters. We chose this option because of the length of time we would be spending on Eurorail while travelling through three different countries.
However, from Paris to Switzerland, we chose the TGV train system which travels at 320 km hour and often faster. This cut our train travel for this leg of our journey from over six hours to about three hours. We chose not to make reservations which would have been an additional cost, deciding to take our chances on not having to wait. Because we left early for the train station, and because the trains leave hourly, we were fortunate in not having a long wait time.
While in Switzerland we were able to use our Eurorail pass. If we had not had this pass, we would’ve had to purchase Swiss passes for transportation while in Switzerland. Our Eurorail pass also gave us passage on the ferries in both Lucerne and Interlacken as well as the cogwheel trains we took up Rigi Kulm Mountain and Jungfrauloch Mountain in Switzerland.
When we purchased our rail passes, based on the fact that we would be travelling to three countries, we got the three country, seven day pass which was ideal for our requirements although as it turned out, the two country pass would’ve been sufficient since the TGV had to be purchased separately. The cost of the pass is determined by the number of countries you visit and the number of days you are using your pass. Purchasing Eurorail passes outside of Europe is cheaper. The open tour bus in Rome was an additional cost. When we were travelling by train, we had to be aware of what the station before our stop was so we could get our luggage and be ready to leave the train when it came into the station.
While in Paris and Rome, we used the Metro system of transportation or by walking to our destinations. Both Metro systems were quite easy to use and in Paris in particular, almost every station had people available to answer questions. Also in Paris, the route you needed to take to get to the train level you wanted, was very clearly marked on the walls at each fork. While in Rome we only used their Metro system one day and had clear instructions on which line we needed to take and the station we had to get off. In both Paris and Rome Metro systems, the next station is shown overhead on a flashing sign so you are given ample warning.
The only taxi we took while in Europe was to the airport to catch our flights home. We could have taken a shuttle or bus to the train station which, between connections, would have taken several hours. For an early morning flight, and with the difficulty of having luggage to worry about, the cost of a taxi was well worth the extra money spent.
Before travelling, make sure to research, plan and organize so that things will go as smoothly as possible and time isn’t wasted trying to get information when that time could be spent travelling and getting to your point of destination more quickly. This is especially true when your travel time is limited as ours was – three countries, eight cities and other specific areas in just two weeks.
Is it possible to make a good income from home? Is it even possible to make a better income from home than you would in a high profile corporate job?
Let’s explore the possibilities:
If you have a teaching background, you can always tutor online. Mathematics and English are two subjects that are in high demand. You can create your own tutoring website, or you can join one of the many tutoring websites that are available online. These exist to help put you and students seeking tutors together.
You can find a good dropship wholesale website. This means that a company offers you products at wholesale prices which you can then sell at retail. When you make a sale charging retail prices, the company then ships the product for you without showing the price they paid. They just include a packing slip and you invoice the customer yourself.
Being an affiliate for another business is also possible. You find a big online business like Amazon or Clickbank, build a website featuring their products or reviews of their products, and when you make a sale, you get paid a commission. This may be a good way of selling as you don’t have the hassle of invoicing and shipping as you never sell the product direct. You just lead the customer to the website.
Many people are looking for someone who can do their customer service for them. You will have an 0800 (or 1800) number directed to your phone, and you handle all the enquiries that come in for the business that hire you. This service is getting more and more popular as many small businesses outsource this.
Many small business owners need their admin tasks taken off their hands in order to free them up for doing what they’re good at. Here you will be doing admin related tasks like answering the phone, typing, filing, sorting and book-keeping. Some Virtual Assistants can even create websites using the Microsoft Office Suite. This service is also getting more and more popular as it is a cost-effective way to have someone work for you, without any employment related hassles.
Network Marketing Home Business
Network Marketing or Multilevel Marketing (MLM) is another possible way to work from home. In fact, this is the only business where you don’t have to trade time for money. However, most people are wary of this as there are many scams around. However, there are many good companies out there that offer a legitimate way to build your own business.
My advice would be to find a company that you can join for free. These companies are the most successful as they don’t need your money. If you want to pay a joining fee and pay for a kit, you need to do your research to find a company with a product that you believe in and feel passionate about. You have the internet, and can do the research. Check the company’s reputation while you’re at it. It is best not to go for a new company as they have no track record yet.
It is entirely possible to replace your day job with a profitable home business. It is even possible to earn the same amount as a corporate level job would pay. You only need to do your due diligence in order to not get scammed.